Why malaria becomes resistant to chloroquine

Discussion in 'Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate 200 Mg' started by WriteX, 23-Feb-2020.

  1. Gloriosissime XenForo Moderator

    Why malaria becomes resistant to chloroquine


    Artemisinin Combination Therapies, or ACTs, are currently the frontline treatments against malaria. Although these treatments are working well in many parts of the world, there is serious concern that malaria parasites are once again developing widespread resistance to this vital treatment.

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    Chloroquine is an anti-malaria medicine that works by interfering with the growth of parasites in the red blood cells of the human body. Parasites that cause malaria typically enter the body through the bite of a mosquito. Malaria is common in areas such as Africa, South America, and Southern Asia. Chloroquine is used to treat and to prevent malaria. Malaria infection associated with travel. Center for Global Health Division of Parasitic Diseases and Malaria. Who can take chloroquine? Chloroquine can be prescribed to adults and children of all ages. It can also be safely taken by pregnant. women and nursing mothers. Who should not take chloroquine? People with psoriasis should not take. Chloroquine should not be used for treatment of P. falciparum infections from areas of chloroquine resistance or malaria occurring in patients where chloroquine prophylaxis has failed. Patients infected with a resistant strains of plasmodia should be treated with another antimalarial drug.

    The cause of the most lethal human malaria, chloroquine resistance is linked to multiple mutations in Pf CRT, a protein that likely functions as a transporter in the parasite’s digestive vacuole membrane. As the threat of antimalarial drug resistance grows, there is increasing pressure to sustain the efficacy of existing treatments, develop alternative treatments, as well putting in place preventative measures such as bednets.

    Why malaria becomes resistant to chloroquine

    Chloroquine, an old malaria drug, may help treat novel., Medicines for the Prevention of Malaria While Traveling - Chloroquine.

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  6. Plasmodium falciparum chloroquine resistance is a major cause of worldwide increases in malaria mortality and morbidity. Recent laboratory and clinical studies have associated chloroquine resistance with point mutations in the gene pfcrt. However, direct proof of a causal relationship has remained elusive and most models have posited a multigenic basis of resistance.

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    Are associated with chloroquine resistance, depending on the genetic background, and result in varying degrees of resistance 22, 24–26. However, the substitution of lysine to threonine at position 76 in pfcrt is found in all in vitro chloroquine-resistant parasites 27, 28. Although chloroquine resistance is a well-studied case Chloroquine is a medication used to prevent and to treat malaria in areas where malaria is known to be sensitive to its effects. Certain types of malaria, resistant strains, and complicated cases typically require different or additional medication. P. falciparum is now highly resistant to chloroquine in most malaria-affected areas. Resistance to SP is also widespread and has developed much more rapidly. Resistance to mefloquine is confined only to those areas where it has been used widely Thailand, Cambodia, and Vietnam but has arisen within six years of systematic deployment.

     
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    How Does Plaquenil Work For Rheumatoid Arthritis Hydroxychloroquine Plaquenil – American College of Rheumatology – It can decrease the pain and swelling of arthritis. It may prevent joint damage and reduce the risk of long-term disability. Hydroxychloroquine is in a class of medications that was first used to prevent and treat malaria.

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